Mr. Vadim Tumarkin
Head of AIS, Latvian ANS provider LGS
(Latvijas Gaisa Satiksme).

LGS has been using PANDA since September 2003. The need for such system became obvious in 2001 when our Service was preparing for ISO 9001:2000 certification. The system is employed for designing procedures and obtaining the data for generation of air navigation charts. With PANDA we got rid from tedious paperwork and the use of numerous graphical editors, improved accuracy of calculations and ensured data traceability throughout design process. PANDA provided for automated entry of input data, including obstacle data compiled upon surveying air terminals by geodetic organisations.

By using this new system we are able to maintain successive records for each terminal procedure confirming that it has been designed in line with established international standards.

PANDA is used successfully for planning airspace and for setting various restrictions thereon, such as warning areas, restricted operation zones, etc.

PANDA is especially valuable when doing front-end studies to identify impact of planned new construction on air safety and flight regularity. For example, the system was used for analysing possibility of constructing high-rise buildings and wind power generators in immediate proximity to an airport. Solutions recommended by PANDA allow for more efficient use of the terminal area and the airspace while considering interests and priorities of concerned parties.

PANDA has been also used for optimal placing of VOR/DME radio ranges providing track guidance for non-precision instrument approach at airports of Riga and Liepaja.


Mr. Petro Butkevych
Senior Controller-Inspector, Airspace Organization and Management Division, UKSATSE (Ukrainian State Air Traffic Service Enterprise).

After getting to know PANDA it has impressed me quite favourably (to say the least). Impressive is an overall approach and the level of realisation. The product is conceptually interesting; it allows a user to:
automate computation of procedures;
work out a great variation of possible solutions within a short time period;
record design outcomes;
minimise routine operations;
reduce time for procedures design;
select optimal solutions;
adhere to quality system criteria;
test user’s theoretical and practical knowledge of design criteria, i.e. enhance user’s professionalism.
In my view, in most standard situations PANDA can solve design problems in exact compliance with PANS-OPS standards and recommended practice. The interface is rather user-friendly. Designer’s intelligence is, as a rule, higher than machine’s, but, in my opinion, there are some cases when the system is smarter than a designer.




Mr. Valeri Sultanov
Director, Azeraeronavigation State Enterprise, Azerbaijan.

In the framework of the civil aviation development programme in Azerbaijan increasing attention has been accorded to building new international airports, e.g. in Nakhchivan. This has required reorganising airspace and designing up-to-date flight procedures in accordance with international standards.

Within this objective, the Azeraeronavigation State Enterprise redesigned airspace of the Nakhchivan Airport in 2003 – 2004. The terminal area of the airport is characterised by difficult airnav situation, complicated by mountainous terrain and limited airspace due to proximity to international borders of Iran, Turkey and Armenia.

Azeraeronavigation, in cooperation with the State Geodetic Service of Azerbaijan, collected coordinate information and essential topographic and airnav data. Requisite surveying was conducted in WGS-84.

As the advanced requirements to procedures design and large work scope demanded modern operational approaches, Azeraeronavigation opted to procure PANDA, a modern automated system for procedures design. PANDA’s powerful analytical capabilities allowed us to swiftly design and move to employ more than 15 procedures in full conformity with ICAO Doc.8168-OPS/611.


Mr. Stanislav Osmolyanny
Chief of division of air space design and cartographi, Kazakhstan State Enterprise “Kazaeronavigatsia”.

At present there are 25 aerodromes in the Republic of Kazakhstan, 15 with a status of an international airport, the others being used for internal purposes.

Leading airlines realizing flights to the aerodromes of the Republic of Kazakhstan exploit aircrafts of famous world traders such as AIRBUS, BOEING, supplied with modern on-board navigation equipment allowing landing in poor visibility conditions according to I-III ICAO categories.

Aiming at upgrade of aeronautical system of Kazakhstan and successive transition to ICAO standards we systematically work on supplying and modernizing of aerodromes of Kazakhstan Republic with up-to-date radio navigation equipments, such as СП-90 DME-N, VOR/DME, and DVOR/DME, as existing aerodrome approach procedures have considerably gone out-of-date and do not meet present ICAO requirements.

In these conditions there arose a necessity in calculation and constructing of new aerodrome procedures (SID, STAR, VOR/DME, ILS/DME) which could promote to a higher level of safe aircraft flight and to the increase of regularity in poor visibility conditions.

In July 2007 we established “Airspace design department” for developing new aerodrome procedures and reconsidering already existing ones of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Thereafter a program application for automated design of aeronautical procedures – “PANDA” was acquired, mainly oriented to the quality  control of aerodrome flight procedures construction.

“PANDA” with its criteria and options database represented in Doc 8168 OPS/611 (PANS-OPS) eliminates manual input ensuring compliance to international design standards and block of incorrect decisions.

Every stage of procedure construction is accompanied with automated construction of nominal trajectories and obstacle clearance areas associated with them.

Specialists of our department are able to completely analyze maneuvering procedures, manage procedure parameters and create aerodrome and track procedures using mentioned application.

Over the period of its existence Airspace Design Department constructed more than 120 new procedures for 11 aerodromes of Kazakhstan deploying “PANDA” published in aeronautical information digest. In fact an evolution happened; change from old procedures to new more effective ones.

For example in the aerodrome of Almaty when exploiting second runway, the department in close contact with leading airlines of the Republic of Kazakhstan and specialists of the department of internal affairs service of ATC Almaty Center created procedures taking into account the use of two runways and completely constructed new departure, approach and arrival procedures.




Mr. Oleg Letberg

Flight procedure design specialist, Estonian ANS (Lennuliiklusteeninduse AS).

Estonian Air Navigation Services has been exploiting PANDA since November, 2006. Growing demand in automated procedure design in the world required us to take seriously the process of system selection. The survey of offered software products allowed us to show up alongside with their advantages and disadvantages the developers attitude to the upgrading process. Our neighborhood with Latvia gave us an opportunity for evaluating PANDA system better than we could do the same in the presentations of other developers offering us their products, this is how we stopped on PANDA.

The system in our configuration is used directly for procedure design; it allows getting required data for producing aeronautical charts not only as digital data but also as vector graphics, related to chart layers having geo-informational filling. Besides it allows to quickly and precisely examining the objects in the flight area and showing up the necessity of considering them as obstacles. For example, in this way we analyzed city development areas plan for considering their influence to flight activity.

Definitely the most appreciated feature of any automated procedure design system is that it should free the designer from tiresome routine actions. Flight procedure design requires not only exact mathematical results (what can be done with any calculator), but also correct input of magnitudes. System allows not only pure data saving but also their selection depending on definite aerodrome conditions, aircraft category or navigation facility type entered by the designer, it immediately displays on the chart calculation results and suggests optimal solutions. All these in its own turn promotes to flight procedure optimization, easily drawing various options and allowing to consult pilots and airspace design specialists on their operational use. 

The availability of PANDA allowed us to create expert group and discuss proceeding remarks and offers in short terms.

As is known, all the information on procedure design must be fixed in reporting documentation and allow restoring designer work if there is an immediate need. PANDA allows saving files with all necessary information – reports about the results of the calculation process.

Further upgrading of system and new modules expands the usage of PANDA. In this way we studied the possibility of implementing area navigation procedures and search for optimal location and number of additional DME stations deploying RNAV module.



Murashko Mikhail Vikentievich
Chief of aeronautical information division, State Enterprise “Belaeronavigatsia”.

The Republic of Belarus has been deploying Air Navigation software for procedure designing and map charting since January, 2009. We study automated procedure design systems, obstacle management in terminal area and chart producing. 

With the assistance of our colleagues from R.I.S.K. Company and their product we are solving these tasks in high automated level.

At this stage of work it is very early to completely forecast the results of the projects, but the fact that PANDA functionality promotes to optimized solutions, allows result managing and reporting, meets modern procedure design requirements and complies with ICAO standards and recommended practice in whole increases final product quality level thus positively influencing the procedure design level and correspondingly resulting in safer flights. 



Mr. Dorin Gadimba
Head of AIS SE “MoldATSA”.

In September 2010, Aeronautical Information Services of Moldavian S.E. “MoldATSA”, acquired new software known as “V
isual and instrument flight procedures automated design system (PANDA)” and “Automated Obstacle management system (OMEGA)”. In a very short time Aeronautical Information Services personnel in cooperation with the personal from R.I.S.K. Company evaluated flying procedures for 2 major airports, and continued to evaluate the procedures for the rest of the airports on the territory of the country. The result of this work is new charts and new procedures supported by a whole package of documentation. The overall opinion of the software is positive, and as follows:

-         The software has good functionality and extension possibility;

-         The product is stable and performs well after installation;

-         Documentation is available while using the software and is also easily accessible online;

-         The strong point of the system is the database which is more robust and efficient than storing information in shape files;

-          The software improves over time, and its data capabilities are impressive;

-         The software is complicated but at the same time is simple and quick and does not affect much the performance of the system when dealing with complex tasks; 

-         The current version incorporates all necessary modules, which combined together deliver valuable results and ensure high performance in working environment. PANDA is designed to operate in organizations on the daily basis during critical decision-making processes.